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城市康复 - 底特律

Honorable Mention
2018 Skyscraper Competition

Yassin Nour Al-tubor, Fawzi Bata, Boran Al-Amro, Yazeed Balqar
Jordan

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The city of Detroit has one of the highest crime rates in the U.S, having said that, the U.S.A has 5% of the world’s prisoner population. With people abandoning Detroit after once being an economic hub in the past. The economy of Detroit is crumbling.

据说底特律市是美国犯罪率最高的城市之一,美国拥有世界囚犯人口的5%。过去曾经是经济中心的人们放弃了底特律。底特律的经济正在崩溃。


According to the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, the average annual cost of incarceration in Federal prisons in 2010 was $28,284 per inmate. With inmates being seen as an economic burden to taxpayers, it is logical to rethink incarceration methods in the U.S.A. This is where the idea of production comes into play. The aim is to allow the inmates to serve their jail time while still being a labour force in the economy.

根据美国监狱管理局的资料,2010年联邦监狱的平均每年监禁费用为28284美元。随着囚犯被视为纳税人的经济负担,重新审视美国的监禁方法是合乎逻辑的。这就是生产理念发挥作用的地方。目的是让犯人在监狱中服刑,同时仍然是经济中的劳动力。


The city of Detroit is going under change, regarding zoning of areas and spaces. With many areas being abandoned, it is useful to think about architecture that is flexible according to volatile economic needs.

关于区域和空间的分区,底特律市正在发生变化。随着许多领域被抛弃,考虑根据不稳定的经济需求灵活变化的架构是有益的。

 

PROJECT IDEA 项目理念
To rehabilitate the city of Detroit, specially and economically, throughout the use of a city rehab tower (incarceration facility). A tower consisting of modular units that can be added and subtracted, then recycled when inmate population decreases and relocated to other parts of the city to serve another function.

在整个城市康复塔楼(监禁设施)的使用过程中,特别和经济地恢复底特律市。一座由模块化单元组成的塔可以增加和减少,然后在囚犯人口减少时重新使用,并重新安置到城市的其他部分以发挥其他功能。


UNIT FUNCTIONS 单位功能
The tower consists primarily of the following units: / 塔楼主要由以下单位组成:

1-     dwelling units for inmates / 囚犯住宅单位

2-     production units for inmates / 囚犯生产单位

3-     services and officer dwelling units / 服务和官员住宅单位

the production units contain training and work stations such as plantations, workshop and academic courses. Although inmates are kept isolated from public life, the production units are part of the local market. Interacting with demand and supply signals. It responds to the local market’s needs by adapting the working units and allowing the inmates to specialize in economic activities.

生产单位包含培训和工作站,如种植园,研讨会和学术课程。虽然囚犯与公共生活隔绝,但生产单位是当地市场的一部分。与需求和供应信号互动。它通过调整工作单位并让犯人专门从事经济活动来满足当地市场的需求。


The overall aim is, to reduce the inmate population and relocate the units to different parts of the city where their use would be recycled.

总体目标是减少囚犯人数,并将这些单位搬迁到城市的不同地区,在那里可以回收利用。


TOWER STRUCTURE 塔式结构
The tower consists of a core that acts as the structural backbone as well as vertical circulation consisting of 4 elevator/stairs units.

包括一个作为结构骨干的核心以及由4个电梯/楼梯单元组成的垂直循环。


Around the core are stacking units of dwelling, services and production. The units are connected to the core through bridges. the units are connected to the core by bridges.

围绕核心是堆放住宅,服务和生产单位。这些单元通过桥连接到核心。单位通过桥梁连接到核心。


At each height of 4 units, is a slab that serves as a communal courtyard for the inhabitants. As for the spaces between the stacking units, glass is fitted to allow for natural sunlight to penetrate the space.

在每个高度的4个单位,是一块板,作为居民的公共庭院。对于堆叠单元之间的空间,安装玻璃以使自然阳光穿透该空间。


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