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适应性城市

Desingers: Ursula Frick | Thomas Grabner
TUTOR: PROF. Patrik Schumacher
University of Innsbruck | Austria

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Our modern times are unimaginable without planning. The growth of settlements and cities is so tempestuous that a slow process of adaptation is no longer possible. This, therefore, poses the question, whether by means of more adaptable planning theories, processes can be promoted or simulated.

没有计划,我们的现代时代是不可想象的。定居点和城市的发展如此剧烈,以至于不再适应缓慢的适应过程。因此,这提出了一个问题,即是否通过更具适应性的规划理论,可以促进或模拟过程。


This work examines the thesis of Frei Otto regarding the future direction of urban planning theory through the lens of parametric urbanism. The urban theory proposed translates the type of generating principles of the natural systems and unplanned settlements invoked by Otto, into a means of developing new forms of emergent urbanism.

这项工作通过参数化都市主义的视角审视了弗雷奥托关于城市规划理论未来方向的论点。所提出的城市理论将Otto引入的自然系统和非计划住区的生成原理的类型转化为发展新形式的新兴城市主义的手段。


Within these naturally evolving systems, whether biological, chemical, or physical, a base structural principle becomes the foundation for intelligent pattern generation, as seen in the supply systems of leaves, bubbles, foams, or crack patterns. The result may not be read as typical or predictable, but offers an optimized solution capable of adaptation and growth. Rather than simply mimic the form of such systems, this approach to urban planning uses foundational principles as a means of developing new, informed patterns of connection and territory.

在这些自然发展的系统中,无论是生物的,化学的还是物理的,基础结构原理都会成为智能模式生成的基础,正如叶子,气泡,泡沫或裂缝模式的供应系统所见。结果可能不会被认为是典型的或可预测的,但提供了一个能够适应和发展的优化解决方案。这种城市规划方法不是简单地模仿这种系统的形式,而是采用基本原则作为开发新的知情连接和领土模式的手段。


The focus of the exemplary investigation, located in Navi Mumbai, is the interrelationship of digitally generated systems regarding territory and connection, with economic (eg. Hedonic pricing method, FAR) and ecological aspects (eg. Cooling, shading), ultimately providing a means of testing such relationships in an urban development. By establishing a set of foundational principles through digital mediums such as scripting, the result is an urban fabric capable of reading and responding to the influence of relational fields between these forces, creating not a fixed form of urban planning, but rather an adaptive, differentiated system.

位于Navi Mumbai的示范性调查的重点是数字生成系统与领土和连接,经济(如享乐定价法,FAR)和生态方面(如冷却,遮蔽)之间的相互关系,最终提供一种手段在城市发展中测试这种关系。通过使用脚本等数字媒介建立一套基本原则,其结果就是能够阅读和响应这些力量之间关系领域影响的城市结构,创造出的不是一种固定形式的城市规划,而是一种适应性,差异化系统。

 

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