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Skyshelter.zip:灾区可折叠摩天大楼

First Place
2018 Skyscraper Competition

Damian Granosik, Jakub Kulisa, Piotr Pańczyk
Poland

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USE CASES AND OVERVIEW 案例和概述
More and more natural disasters happen annually across the world. When dealing with forces so powerful, standard means of crisis-management often prove to be inefficient. Whether certain region is struck by earthquake, flood or hurricane – help needs to arrive quickly. This is often easier to be said than done, as damages to transportation infrastructure or remote localization can make it extremely difficult. The Skyshelter.zip tries to address these issues by proposing structure that while offering large floor surface is compact, easy to transport anywhere and can be deployed with minimum amount of time and manpower requirements. It is meant to serve as multi-purpose hub for any relief operation.

世界各地每年都会发生越来越多的自然灾害。在处理如此强大的力量时,标准的危机管理手段往往被证明是无效的。某些地区是否受到地震,洪水或飓风的袭击 - 需要很快到达。通常情况下,说起来容易做起来难,因为运输基础设施或远程本地化造成的损失可能使其极其困难。Skyshelter.zip试图通过提出结构来解决这些问题,尽管提供的大型地板表面紧凑,易于随处运输,并且可以用最少的时间和人力需求进行部署。它旨在作为任何救援行动的多用途枢纽。


EASY TRANSPORTATION 轻松运输
The Skyshelter.zip is extremely easy to move due to its unique qualities. The entire structure is foldable in a manner that resembles origami or accordion. This means it can be neatly packaged into single relatively small box with minimum height and base dimensions reduced to building’s footprint. Then such a package can be moved anywhere with help of helicopters commonly used by rescue teams and military in the event of a natural disasters. Because elements do not have to be transported in batches by trucks, it is easier and faster to reach zones cut off from the transportation network.

Skyshelter.zip由于其独特的品质而非常容易移动。整个结构可折叠成类似折纸或手风琴的形式。这意味着它可以整齐地包装成一个相对较小的箱子,其最小高度和底部尺寸可以减少到建筑物的占地面积。然后,在发生自然灾害的情况下,可以在救援队和军队常用的直升机帮助下,将这种包裹移动到任何地方。因为元件不必通过卡车分批运输,所以到达与运输网络隔离的区域更容易和更快速。


SMALLER FOOTPRINT 较小的占地面积
Perhaps the biggest advantage of stacking vertically all functions required in zone affected by natural disaster is reducing the area that is being occupied by them. Skyshelter.zip’s footprint is on average over 30 times smaller than area required to host typically used tents or containers. This means that much less cleanup work is required prior to setting up the camp. This is especially important in densely populated areas but elsewhere means that it is going to be possible to set up those temporary shelters closer to victims original homes.

或许垂直堆叠受自然灾害影响的区域所需的所有功能的最大优点是减少了它们占用的面积。Skyshelter.zip的占地面积比通常使用的帐篷或容器所需的面积平均小30倍以上。这意味着在建立营地之前需要更少的清理工作。这在人口稠密的地区尤其重要,但在其他地方意味着将有可能将这些临时避难所设置得离受害者原住房更近。


INSTANT DEPLOYMENT 即时
Just as easily as it can be transported, the Skyshelter.zip can be effortlessly and instantly deployed even on unstable soil. Little to none groundwork is required as after anchoring basic supports to the ground the structure unfolds thanks to large load-bearing helium balloon placed within (thus protected from external forces). This process is also easily reversible. Light-weight 3D-printed slabs are attached directly to balloon in succeeding manner and pulled upwards by its load-bearing force and structural steel wires that once strained are capable of resisting horizontal wind forces. In turn, internal and external walls are in fact pieces of fabric attached to slabs that unfold as the structure get deployed.

部署即使在不稳定的土壤上,Skyshelter.zip也可以毫不费力地立即展开。由于将大型承重氦气球放置在内部(因此受到外力的保护),因此在将基础支撑锚固到地面后,结构展开后很少需要基础工作。这个过程也很容易扭转。重量轻的3D打印板以成功的方式直接连接到气球,并通过其承重力向上拉,一旦拉紧的结构钢丝就能够抵抗水平风力。反过来,内部和外部的墙壁实际上是连接在铺开的楼板上的部分,随着结构的展开展开。


SCALABILITY AND REPURPOSING 可扩展性和重现性
Depending on amount of gas poured into the balloon, one can control the number of floors that are unfolding. This way, with single, mass produced module it is possible to attend different-scale, unpredictable events.

根据注入气球的气体量,可以控制展开的楼层数量。这样,通过单一的批量生产模块,可以参加不同规模,不可预知的事件。


FUNCTIONS 功能
Based on particular cases’ needs various functions can be accommodated inside, including reception area, first aid area, temporary housing, storage and vertical farm that uses soil gathered during anchoring. Additional advantage of producing vertical emergency camp is its height, partially achieved thanks to the size of the balloon. It allows for the structure to serve as a landmark, visible from large distances helping guide people affected by catastrophe straight to the relief center.

根据具体案例的需要,可以在内部容纳各种功能,包括接待区,急救区,临时住房,仓库和垂直农场,这些农场使用在锚泊期间聚集的土壤。生产垂直应急营的另一个优势是其高度,部分由于气球的大小而实现。它允许该结构作为一个地标,从远距离可见,帮助指导受灾难影响的人直接到救灾中心。


SUSTAINABILITY FEATURES 可持续性特征
Taking advantage of large external surface area, use of nanomaterial based on ETFE foil and infused with network of small perovskite solar cells was proposed. This way, the building is capable of producing clean energy especially needed in case of emergency. Similarly, balloon located on top is shaped in such a way, that rainwater is able to flow through its hollow center where it is being cleansed by specialized filters and collected for further use.

利用大的外部表面积,提出使用基于ETFE箔的纳米材料并注入小型钙钛矿太阳能电池网络。通过这种方式,建筑物能够产生清洁能源,特别是在紧急情况下需要。同样,位于顶部的气球的形状也是这样的,雨水能够流过其中空的中心,在那里被专门的过滤器净化并收集起来供进一步使用。


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