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E Mare Libertas:水上摩天大楼

Honorable Mention
2018 Skyscraper Competition

Alexander Nikolas Walzer
Austria

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As the world population grows and cities usually expand into the surrounding areas, or because of static infrastructure form way too high urban densities, the question arises what alternatives we have at the latest after exhaustion of land reserves. The proposed project entitled “E Mare Libertas” (Latin, for Freedom from the Sea) provides a scenario of a vertically packed settlement in the port of Singapore, a state that has already exploited 92% of its building land and that is forced to create new land artificially.

随着世界人口的增长和城市通常扩展到周边地区,或者由于静态基础设施形成了太高的城市密度,问题就出现在土地储备枯竭之后最迟有什么替代方案。拟议的题为“E Mare Libertas”的项目(拉丁文“从海上出海”)提供了一个在新加坡港口垂直包装定居的情景,该国已经开发了92%的建筑用地,并且被迫创建新的人为地。


The creation of open spaces on the water, the idea of energetic self-sufficiency, a modular construction system and the inclusion of privacy represent design challenges that are playing extremely with the tension between density and freedom.

水上开放空间的创造,充满活力的自给自足的想法,模块化的建筑系统和隐私包含在内,代表了设计挑战,这些挑战与密度和自由之间的紧张关系极为发挥。


With this work, the author tries to point out the problem of our demographic future on an urban scale and to embed it in a proposal for the development of the remaining 70% of the world surface.

通过这项工作,作者试图在城市范围内指出我们人口未来的问题,并将其纳入关于发展剩余70%世界水平的提案中。


“E Mare Libertas” is the national motto and the name of the national anthem of the Micronation Sealand in the North Sea, on a former naval fort off the coast of Great Britain.

“E Mare Libertas”是北海密克罗尼西亚海域的国歌,也是其国歌的名称,位于英国海岸以前的一个海军堡垒。


Settlement on water widely occured on rivers and oceans throughout history, a technological example is an oil rig, which represents a closed community. Personally, I drew inspiration from the Metabolists in Japan which proposed in the 1960s to 1970s modular housing systems and organically functioning buildings, partly on the water as show in the Expo 75. For the Typology of modular housing mainly Habitat 67 served as inspiration, as well as twin skyscrapers. The addition of vast greenery onto the building is important in the zone of the equator, being exposed to strong sun exposure throughout the year. Constant temperatures of around 20-25 degrees allow for a slender façade construction. Positioned in the strait of Singapore, the building is 10-15 minutes boatride from the mainland.

整个历史上河流和海洋上广泛存在的水的定居,一个技术示例是代表封闭社区的石油钻井平台。就个人而言,我从日本的代谢工作者那里得到灵感,这些代谢者在20世纪60年代到70年代提出了模块化住房系统和有机功能建筑,部分基于75世博会展出的水。对于模块化住房的类型学,居住区67主要作为灵感,以及双子摩天大楼。在赤道地区,整个一年中暴露在强烈的阳光照射下,在建筑物上增加大片绿色植物非常重要。大约20-25度的恒定温度允许修长的立面结构。位于新加坡海峡,距离大陆10-15分钟车程。

For the form finding, an growth algorithm was used to emulate the growth of corals. Porosity of the structure helps to decrease wind pressure from the side while at the same time providing outdoor spaces that can be accessed via the respective unit.

对于形态发现,使用增长算法来模拟珊瑚的生长。该结构的多孔性有助于减少侧面的风压,同时提供可通过相应单元进入的室外空间。


A maximum difference of 3-4 meters, according to local data, is enabled by buoyant piers where boats can land. For the construction concreted hollow steel beams are used for the columns, the connections are free so moments are reduced, similar to a large inhabitable spaceframe. The knots allow mounting of a secondary steel structure of I-beams onto which the units are mounted. The structure grows in several stages, each stage being a new floor being placed. Furniture is kept flexible with wooden boxes that can take various tasks such as bathroom or kitchenette; vertical circulation is given through elevators which also house infrastructure such as pipings for air and water. The translucent façade panels allow for individual privacy settings.

根据当地的数据,最大相差3-4米的地方是船只可以降落的浮力墩。对于建筑使用混凝土空心钢梁用于柱,连接是自由的,因此减少了时间,类似于大型可居住的空间框架。这些结允许安装单元安装在其上的工字梁的二次钢结构。该结构分几个阶段增长,每个阶段都是放置一个新的地板。家具保持灵活,可以承担各种任务的木箱,如浴室或小厨房; 垂直循环通过电梯提供,电梯还容纳诸如空气和水的管道等基础设施。半透明立面面板允许个人隐私设置。


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